Sun Myung Moon's Philosophy of Education
Chapter 3 - Reverend Moon's Philosophy of Education [Part 2/2]
3.5 Education in sacrifice, service and public life
Imagine you are an elementary school teacher. It is not easy to teach young children. They always want to do as they wish. If the children are like that, you cannot train or educate them. As a teacher, you have to love them, bear with them, observe and help them. It is not simple. If a child feels his teacher loves him more than his own parents, or his older brothers and elder sisters, then that teacher is a qualified and truly wonderful teacher. The lesson learned in this example of an elementary school student also applies to our efforts to educate the people of the world, and to the eternal unchanging education we are seeking to implement. To educate and train those people, those souls, how much more preparation do we ourselves have to make? Without our service, sacrifices and dedication for the people, we cannot accomplish this historical task. There is no other way. Even distinguished religious leaders have no means to guide the world or people's lives except for the service and sacrifice that Rev. Moon is teaching.
If God has a means of educating fallen men, what will it be? Fallen man cannot stand in the position where he can directly deal with God. If there is one way for God to approach mankind, we can draw the conclusion that it must be through the mind - the way of showing that He is a loving God. If God intends to love and to bring salvation to humankind again, what method can he use? He can only teach us to sacrifice ourselves for others. You must understand that this is an indisputable iron rule. The Bible states that there is no greater love that for a man to lay down his life for his friend. We can discover similar teachings anywhere in the Scriptures. Through the Holy Book, we can find the logical conclusion that God exists and is alive. (052-285, 1972.01.09)
I have been teaching you to sacrifice yourselves for America and the world. When I arrived in America, I laid bare all my property and possessions. I am making the Koreans, Japanese and Europeans suffer in order to save America. If you only try to evade hardships, you will no doubt perish. Thus, I will push you even harder, and make you suffer more than the Koreans, Japanese and Europeans. Then you will receive love, and then good traditions will be established. (106-074, 1979.12.09)
The core teaching of mainstream religions is to walk a path completely opposite to the path of the physical body. The main religions teach us to serve, sacrifice and humble ourselves. They teach us not to hold our heads high, but to keep them down low. Hence, Satan has nowhere to go except hell. (251-115, 1993.10.17)
Do you wish to receive blessings? Do you want eternal life? Then you must be a public figure. You should not love your children simply as your our own sons and daughters when you teach them. You have to love them as offerings, as sons and daughters for the sake of the world's people. When you hug your baby in your bosom and breast-feed it, you have to feel you are nursing a baby representative of all humanity as a woman representing all womankind. You have to be a mother who can love the baby of another person with the same standard of heart as you would love your own. Babies who suckle on the breast of that mother will grow up to be great people. It may not happen immediately, but after a generation or two, a man of fine character who can govern and guide the world will be born into that blood lineage. This is the formula. (031-167, 1970.05.24)
Private matters and affairs belong to evil, whereas public matters belong to the sphere of goodness. It is the same for history. Personal and private history is Satan's history, and is destined to perish. On the other hand, public history is God's history of goodness. You have to teach these concepts. When you look at, listen to or smell something, are you doing it with a public mind, or an individual mind? When you work or walk, are you doing so with a public mind, or an individual mind? All problems have to be solved with this kind of standard. (036-067, 1970.11.15)
Of all the education you are receiving, which is the true one? A genuine education is one that teaches a person to offer his life for others. No other education is higher than that. (037-133, 1970.12.23)
Those among you who want to perish, raise your hands. Those who want to flourish, put up your hands. The way to prosperity is simple. If you become true, you will thrive. Why? Because everybody stands on your side and gives everything they have to you. On the other hand, if everybody wants to devour and dishonor you, you will perish. If you run amuck centering on yourself, you will not last long. If you center on others, however, you can continue for a long time. The origins of good and evil divide at this very point. (037-134, 1970.12.23)
Old people have to think like this: "If God gives me a son, I will raise him so that he can fulfill anything of God's Will that I have left unaccomplished." You have to teach and bring up your children this way.
So the one thing you must never forget is that in proportion to the sacrifices you make, in proportion to the blood, sweat and tears you invest, blessings will be bestowed upon your future generations. You should always keep this in mind. If you live a miserable life for the sake of the public good instead of a a happy, cozy life for your own sake, if you suffer for the sake of the public purpose instead of leading a life pursuing your own happiness, and if you can be happy about that kind of life, your sons and daughters will receive blessings tenfold, even a hundred-fold. (090-119, 1976.10.21)
Rev. Moon has been teaching Unification Church members to be patriots among patriots. This is a declaration, Article 1 of the Unification Church education. What is after that? I tell them that they have to stand in a higher position than any other churchgoer or follower of any religion. (113-111, 1981.05.01)
What is the teaching of a great parent? "No matter how difficult it is, you have to sacrifice yourself and be an example for this village and neighborhood." Parents who teach their children to be like this are truly parents of goodness. Love precedes education. Love came into existence because this basic principle started from love before the existence of anything in the world of creation. That is the nature of the essence of things. Material things are like that too. Every person has a body composed of material elements but also has a mind which seeks to return to the love contained in all material things, to return to God's highest love. That is the way that the original mind works. (147-297, 1986.10.01)
How can we set up educational principles? An education system that focuses only on the benefit of America will drop behind in its standards. We have to implement education that can transcend national borders to guide and raise all the people of the world. We have to think like this: "The world is one: therefore my study, our study is for the sake of the entire world." In the end, things are such that the world has no choice but to become united, to become one, and that is what will happen in the end. When we think about education from this viewpoint, we come to realize that religious education is important and necessary.
Religious education can transcend national boundaries. After that we need ideological education. Ideological education is global in nature.
It too can go beyond national borders. Thus, education has to comprise both religious and ideological elements. In the future, then, any country which does not base itself upon the principle of education for the sake of the world will be unable to stand before humankind. (207-064, 1990.11.01)
3.6 The responsibilities and attitude of a leader
Among the people who follow the goals of the Unification Church, there are probably some people who are right up the front in first place, and some people who are coming in last. There will also be some who have dropped out of the movement altogether. There are a lot of differences among the different members of our church. The kinds of things that take place at sports competitions also happen in your families, or at the place where you do church activity. But whether we are talking about a nation or whether we are talking about an organization of some sort, the problem is how one can train and produce athletes of top quality. In other words, what kind of education and training must one carry out in order to produce athletes of the highest order? This is your mission.
But in order to train or coach athletes, you yourselves must first possess at least the level of skills you are seeking to develop in them.
You must also be able to train your trainees to surpass your own personal records. Then, based on the goals of the Unification Church, you have to train the kind of people who can be "marathon runners" on the world level. The leaders who can raise such people will go down in history with them together. (029-067, 1970.02.24)
When you meet your successors in the future, you have to be able to criticize them coldly and dispassionately. You must be able to tell in what areas they are like you, and in what areas they are not. If there is no single person qualified to totally inherit your responsibility, you must set up even a few people to whom you can teach everything together. Then how should you teach them? As each person has a different path, you have to educate each individual based on the field in which he or she has been given responsibility. They have to undergo education and a course by which they can become one. (029-089, 1970.02.25)
During the 1960s I traveled around South Korea and trained all the core personnel. As long as there are three members in each district, this will suffice. There is no need for a lot of people. Among the three, one should take care of educational matters, another church-related matters and the other economic matters. Each should be responsible for his own area. If they can die for sake of God's Will, the time will surely come when they can move the whole nation. That time will come. (033-192, 1970.08.12)
Right now I am getting a sense of what percent of you leaders here come up to the standard of jeongseong (devotional effort) made for the sake of your missions. I do not look at you with secular knowledge as the standard, but rather the extent of your devotion and effort. Some leaders deliberately avoid the suffering course. When it's time for a reshuffle of personnel, I send such people off to remote places they never dreamed of, telling them this is my special instruction. They may complain, saying, "Oh, I did this and that and now all I get is a demotion!" A demotion? From whom did they learn the concept of "demotion"? Do I have a special position or something? Is what I do a "job"? (051-284, 1971.11.28)
The church should not be run based only on the Principle. Of course we have to establish the ideological foundation based on the principle, and also strengthen our lives of faith based on the Principle. But in addition to that, you also have to carry out large-scaled social movements, and also carry out education. Education is the most important. It has to be implemented properly. It has to begin in the family, based on the village community life if the family lives in a small village. Everything will be based on the church itself if it exerts its influence on the area of education. It is not enough for our members to meet only on Sundays, and only study about a life of faith.
To have influence on the materialistic aspects of life, there are things like agricultural improvement. You need to guide your members about things which are useful in their daily lives and which are directly related to economic aspects. You have to give them the benefit of such areas as education or agricultural know-how. They will not follow you or the church should they make any loss. Anything ranging from materialistic and spiritual aspects to general education, so long as they are positive contents about the church, related people will automatically be attracted to the church. The conclusion is that a regional leader has to be knowledgeable in the overall basics of education. A regional leader is God's representative. Is God unidirectional? God is the one in charge of leading the entire fallen world into the ideal realm. Likewise, a church leader should not take charge of the church alone, but should also influence people in the general administrative area, and get them involved in discussions.
Therefore, not only must you lead our church organization spiritually, but you must also think about how to create better conditions in your community in the fields of everyday life and education. If people feel the church is an indispensable part of their lives, they will naturally set up more churches. So you have to think very hard about different kinds of concrete activities. (056-013, 1972.05.10)
What will happen if you become people who are eloquent in speaking, good at liaison work and making money? All of you will be made leaders. What should you do to train and educate people how to assume leadership? Only through activities. How difficult and serious it is to have to go and fundraise when you have no money and only have your own bare hands.
Every day, you need to put on your thinking cap and think about how to convince and persuade people. (071-024, 1974.03.24)
To save people under the bondage of Satan, you have to launch a campaign to liberate them from that environment by giving them internal guidance. You have to take responsibility to guide and teach them from the position of servant of servants. (074-081, 1974.11.14)
Those believers who vow to be God's sons must forget all thoughts of eating well and living comfortably. God needs children who can say, "I'm in charge of teaching these people who come from the most difficult and lowly positions in society, including even beggars who live in caves. I also have to educate the provincial governors, and even the president himself!" You should not become worthless sons and daughters. You have to teach people of all walks of life, from the bottom to the top, in place of God. You are not worthy to be God's children if you do not walk the path of dedicating your entire life to teaching everything you know. (126-186, 1983.04.19)
Now, leaders, after listening to my speech, you have to think like this: "As a new person, I have been entrusted with the duty to establish the tradition of a new way of life in this land, in this nation." You have to stand in the vanguard. Whenever I have the time, I educate the elder 36 and 72 blessed couples, too. When I am in New York, I always tell them to come to East Garden. I cannot educate Korean leaders when I stay in America, but I have to be responsible to teach them before die. Once I start something, I will always finish it. I know I am responsible for training people who can go straight to the world, to heaven ... It is not easy. It is not the kind of thing that can be done in just one year.
As the trunk is, so the boughs and twigs will be, too. I am the root.
The root does not go up to the branches, and neither do the branches go to the leaves. When others see Unification Church leaders, they should be able to catch the traditions and ideas of our church. You have to become those branches. This is my policy. Any leader who does not conform to this principle will be replaced. Otherwise, I will have to educate them myself again at another training ground, for example in Keumgang (Diamond) Mountain [in North Korea]. (129-118, 1983.10.01)
You have to stand on your own two feet, set up your strategy for living and raise the people of Heaven. You have to work twice as hard to raise them as you would to establish your own livelihood by receiving education in a specialized field. Doubling the amount of effort is more significant. You can lay the foundation upon which church members can live and cooperate, without being indebted to them. Leaders who can only handle economic problems will be insignificant in the future. The political, social and scientific problems are also unimportant. Instead, the central position will naturally fall to leaders who can teach and train others with God's love, armed with Unification Thought. (133-199, 1984.07.10)
3.7 How education should change
The most problematic issue is the issue of education. Education will be carried out through watching videos. Schools will phase out gradually.
Education will be implemented with three-hour, seven-hour and ten-hour lecture series of renowned lecturers on videotapes. A student who studies through video does not need to go to a four-year university. He can even complete the whole course in one year. If he passes the state examination, he can seek for employment in his field of major in any country. (206-350, 1990.10.14)
What is the most problematic issue? It is the educational problem, a school problem. Language may be a problem in the end, but language education is now being implemented through videos. Therefore, schools will disappear very soon. If you manage to make the grade in the qualifying examination specified by the state, you will be able to graduate with a doctorate without turning up for classes. (208-019, 1990.11.13)
Instead of a compulsory system, universities will gradually have to go. The borderline beyond middle and high schools or universities will no longer exist. If you self-study through videotapes and take the state examination, you are allowed to graduate from elementary, middle or high schools, as well as colleges or universities. A genius can even graduate from a graduate school in five years. If languages are unified, such an age will come. (208-101, 1990.11.17)
Schools will no longer be necessary in the future. I am making a head start on this. We have entered the age of video-based education. I have built up good rapport with all the world's scholars. Inviting scholars in every discipline, I am making arrangements with them to produce videotapes. I am already carrying out that project at the Washington television center.
This is a society where the written word has been used as a means of communication. From now on, it will be done through images or motion pictures. We are at the forefront of the development of this technology. It is being used in 280 broadcasting stations. (209-315, 1990.11.30)
What do we plan to do? America is going to ruin now. Mobilizing the young people, what are we going to do? Radio and television programs are broadcast round the clock in America. Programs on current affairs are not more than an hour and a half, and educational programs are less than three hours, though. The rest are music programs and movies. This is the direction a dying country is moving toward. I am making preparation to produce a series of weekly movies related to the world's current events. The contents of these weekly movies must be for educational purposes.
The construction of new church buildings must be completed within the shortest possible time. I have to implement cultural education and so am building 1,700 churches. The nation cannot accomplish this. About 2,000 wholesome movies will be selected and dubbed into Korean for education.
I have the intention to teach people through cultural activities ranging from geography to zoology. You must be ready to introduce this. All have to be dubbed with Korean songs, folk songs and melodies. We are about to get started on it. The Unification Church has to become an educational base. (209-326, 1990.11.30)
Education has now become a problem. The age of video education is coming soon. The project is in the pipeline. We are now producing weekly movies on current topics at the Washington Television Center. I am mobilizing celebrated scholars from around the world. A request by telephone for the papers or opinions of the world's versatile scholars to be published in The Washington Times, Insight Magazine and The World & I, has never been rejected by scholars. There are many scientists and scholars in the field of advanced scientific technology. (233-185, 1992.08.01)
What do you go to university for? How can you jot down all the notes during a lecture? Therefore, I will record good lectures of famous professors on videotapes, inserting interesting things such as their anecdotes and jokes during intervals. A student who sits and listens to the series of lectures out of interest will be able to make it through the course. If language is unified, there is no need to attend a university. You could carry the tapes in a backpack or book bag wherever you go. If you succeed in the state examination just by listening to the tapes, you can chalk up the grades required for graduation. In that case, it wouldn't cost anything. (238-315, 1992.11.22)
The population concentrated in cities and towns will dwindle in the near future. Due to various factors -- such as the quality of children's schools there and the convenient lifestyle, people have flocked to large satellite towns. Through televisions and other modern facilities we can enjoy pursuing what interests us and our hobbies, watch an orchestra or dance performance, while sitting down in the comfort of our own homes.
Nowadays, we can view all library books, secrets of the world and entertainment on television screens. We do not need to move anywhere to make access to these things easier. (262-270, 1994.08.01)
In Washington D.C., I intend to initiate a movement for awarding academic credits to people by educating them through worldwide telecommunications. The student watches a stipulated number of lectures on videotapes and then answers questions that are asked in a television program three or four times a year. It is the same as in schools and universities. Scholars deliver expert lectures on video and then ask question about the material. This is happening in America now. (262-272, 1994.08.01)
With a radio or television set at hand, we can live even in a valley. Schools and universities will be phased out gradually. Teaching is to be done with videotapes. The time has already come. In the international management system, elementary school curriculum is implemented through videos. Bright school children can finish the entire course and graduate within two years instead of the conventional six years. At the tertiary level, university students who study through videos can be accredited anywhere as long as they pass the official examination recognized by the state. If language is not a barrier, the vice-ministers of education of America and Korea will be the same person. Education can be carried out this way. The age of settlement has passed. We can be just like birds, living wherever we feel is the most beautiful. Schools and administrative departments will slowly die out. (268-230, 1995.04.02)
Movements for the abolition of school systems are in progress. Cities are densely populated owing to schools and educational problems. Smart students will be able to graduate in just five years if they study through videotapes what they have to study in sixteen to twenty years. I am presently setting up such a system, which can prevent environmental destruction such as pollution due to high population density. Everything in the industrial zone must be decentralized or dismantled. Now is the right time to do these things. (273-271, 1995.10.29)
Not long after, schools will have to go. Classes will be taught through the mass media and videotapes. The plan to teach the world's university courses at the University of Bridgeport is underway. If only languages were unified, the project would be possible in the twinkling of an eye.
Standing behind Rev. Moon are many scholars from throughout the world. I will videotape the lectures of well-known university professors, each of which can last for ten hours or so. It will be possible to obtain all the knowledge necessary for a major through video compilations of the top three professors in the given field.
If there is a television and a video player at a ranch, anybody in any part of the world can tune into American TV programs and study with textbooks used in America. An opportunity for self-study is given. This system requires students to meet only once a week or every other week so that the lecturer can further guide them in the form of questions and answers based on the materials they have studied on their own.
Kindergartens, elementary, middle and high schools should be built in proportion to the population of each state. An educational system that can link them to universities and colleges should be established. From grade four onward, students could be taught farming methods, tree planting methods, cultivation methods and how to manage the wilderness.
By the time they graduate from high school, they could become experts. I will build up a system such that they can become teachers and guides at local universities when they graduate from university.
Students graduate from elementary school at around twelve or thirteen. When they go to high school, they could be taught to develop and manage a stock farm, and all about business. They have to receive specialized training at the ranch for sixteen years to become a university graduate or twenty years if they complete a doctorate course. Once they are trained under our system, they do not need to worry about food because they can be self-sustaining and self-sufficient. (274-109, 1995.10.29)
You have to teach by correspondence. Anybody can take a correspondence course. As education for elementary school is compulsory, web-based education by correspondence should be implemented from middle school until university. The age of the Internet has come for you to teach the whole world. Had you talked about this dream fifty years ago, you would have been treated as a moron. People would have thought you were out of your mind if you tried to sit down and educate all humankind. Haven't we entered the age in which we can communicate of our own free will with the world now, while sitting comfortably in front of the computer?
Before I pass on to the other world, a world of free communications has to be established on earth. (290-246, 1998.03.02)
The epoch where schools become unnecessary will come in the future. The global problem of schools closing down can crop up if one hundred different subject courses have been prepared. An age of great chaos will arrive. Everyone will receive equal education. Do you think it is possible or impossible? There is absolutely every possibility. (307-212, 1999.11.8)
Many young people are here. Those below forty are full of hope. Do you want to settle down in the future and live in mansions, or do you want to just live, play, eat and sleep while traveling around the world?
Ninety percent of young men and women of the ideal type reply that they prefer to live a vagabond life. Study is the issue. They can study through the distance learning system. By listening to sixty tapes a hundred times, they can take the middle or high school examination anywhere and pass it. If such a system were to be put into practice, it would not take twenty years but less than a decade to earn a doctorate.
Schools are not required, and have to be done away with. The distance learning examination ought to be held worldwide on a certain date for students of every grade and level. They can later find out the examination results from the newspapers. In this way, they can earn their certificates and degrees without actually attending classes.
School buildings would then have to be demolished. Do you like going to school? Students would have to study and thoroughly understand all the materials before taking the examinations. How fabulous it would be for students to carry lecture tapes and books of eminent professors in their schoolbags and study them everywhere they go! These ideas are on my drawing board. (309-301~302, 1999.06.06)
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